Auditory Brainstem Responses

A study conducted by Isabela Crivellaro Gonçalves et al. suggests that children who stutter present differences in neural processes related to the processing of acoustic information, when compared to typically developing children, especially when more complex stimuli, such as speech, is considered.

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Nocardia farcinica Multiple Brain Abscesses in an Immunocompetent Patient

Nocardiosis is an uncommon infection which occurs due to aerobic Actinomyces species of Nocardia, and Nocardia is ubiquitous in the environment. The infection mainly occurs by inhalation, and also transmitted through cutaneous disease, insect bite, trauma, surgery, and vascular catheters. Nocardia expresses to have a distinct tropism towards the neural tissue.

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Physiology of Lumbar Disc by Evaluation of Repeated Disc Herniation

A very large part of the population is affecting with degenerative spine disease, among which lumbar segment being most common. The most promising of them seems to be the cellular therapy based on a percutaneous transplantation of autologous chondrocytes into the intervertebral disc previously

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Shunt surgery during Pneumocephalus

Pneumocephalus is the presence of air or gas within the cranial cavity. It is usually associated with disruption of the skull: after head and facial trauma, tumors of the skull base, after neurosurgery or otorhinolaryngology, and rarely, spontaneously. The dry tap can lead to multiple attempts for ventriculostomy with added risk of complications. It can add dilemma as to what the subsequent management would be.

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Tuberous Sclerosis: Genetic Analysis

Tuberous sclerosis is a rare, multi-system genetic disease that causes benign tumors to grow in the brain and on other vital organs such as the kidneys, heart, eyes, lungs, and skin. It affects the central nervous system and results in symptoms like seizures, developmental delay, behavioral problems, skin abnormalities, and kidney disease.

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